There are two leading causes of muscle cramping that have been studied to date.

1. Electrolyte imbalance
2. Fatigue

You have a higher risk of cramping if you meet a few criteria:
1. Dehydrated
2. Overhydrated
3. Low fitness levels

You can develop a cramp from being overhydrated or underhydrated because both scenarios will lead to your electroytes being less balanced.

It terms of low fitness levels, routinely exercising and pushing your muscles to fatigue is a great way to protect again muscle cramping and spasms, particularly if you like to perform higher intensity activities in high temperature environments.

Please share in the comments below what you’ve tried to improve muscle cramping/spasms, and what’s worked/not worked!